# Topic: Corner Geometry

The two values in a track section that describe a corner in an F1GP track
are the *curvature* and the *length*.

The *curvature* value defines how tight a corner is.

The allowed *curvature* value for a corner goes from -32,768 to 32,768, where a positive value indicates a right-hand
corner, and a negative value indicates a left-hand turn. A value of 0 thus means that the section is a straight.

The curvature value is converted to indicate the length of the radius of an imagined circle on the inside of the corner, like this:

In these two examples, the first corner has a smaller *curvature* value for the individual corner sections,
and is therefore not as tight as the following corner, which has a larger *curvature* value.

The radius for an imagined circle on the inside of the corner is calculated according to the following formula:

1 / (*curvature* * 2 * 𝜋 / 65536)

Examples of calculated radius values:

Curvature | Radius (calculated) |
---|---|

1 | 10,430.378350470453 |

256 | 40.743665431525208 |

512 | 20.371832715762604 |

1024 | 10.185916357881302 |

2048 | 5.0929581789406511 |

2731 | 3.8192524168694444 |

4096 | 2.5464790894703255 |

8192 | 1.2732395447351628 |

16,384 | 0.63661977236758138 |

32,768 | 0.31830988618379069 |

So as you can see, the larger the curvature value, the smaller the radius.

### Example: 90° corners

To create a 90° corner, the *curvature* multiplied by the *length* must be approximately 16,384.

In the first example, we have a 90° corner with three sections.

In this case, the *curvature* value for each section is 910, and the *length* of each section is 6.

This gives us the following calculation: 910 x 6 x 3 = 16,380.

In the next example, we have another 90° corner with three sections, but the corner is noticably tighter.

The *curvature* value for these sections is larger than the previous one, 2,730, but the *length* is lower, at 2 each.

This gives us the following calculation: 2,730 x 2 x 3 = 16,380.

So, as you can see, the total value for each corner is the same but by adjusting the *curvature* and *length* values
differently, the corners are tighter or wider.